Education is not the best anti-poverty program, argues historian Harvey Kantor, and it’s long past time we acknowledged that…
Jennifer Berkshire: I read in the New York Times recently that education is the most powerful force for *reducing poverty and lifting middle-class living standards.* It’s a classic example of what you describe in this excellent history as *educationalizing the welfare state.*
Harvey Kantor: Education hasn’t always been seen as the solution to social and economic problems in the US. During the New Deal, you had aggressive interventions in providing for economic security and redistribution; education was seen as peripheral. But by the time you get to the Great Society programs of the 1960’s, education and human capital development had moved to the very center. My colleague Robert Lowe and I started trying to think about how that happened and what the consequences were for the way social policy developed in the US from the 1960’s through No Child Left Behind. How is it that there is so much policy making and ideological talk around education and so little around other kinds of anti-poverty and equalizing policies? We also wanted to try to understand how it was that education came to shoulder so much of the burden for responding to poverty within the context of cutbacks in the welfare state. Continue reading →
Writer Joanne Barkan argues that for plutocrats like Bill Gates, democracy is a nuisance…
Jennifer Berkshire: You’re the author of a recent case study on what you call Bill Gates’ *charitable plutocracy,* his years’ long, and many millions-ed campaign to bring charter schools to Washington State. In the interest of the data to which Gates himself is so committed, can you reduce your argument down to a series of numbers? Oh, and please speak in bullet points.
- Number of years required to pass a charter school enabling law in Washington State: 17 (1995-2012).
- Number of statewide ballot initiatives required: 4 (1996, 2000, 2004, and 2012).
- Total dollars spent by charter school supporters in the 2000, 2004, and 2012 ballot initiatives: $18.7 million. (Practically no money was spent by either side in 1996.)
- Total dollars spent by charter school opponents in the 2000, 2004, and 2012 ballot initiatives: $2.04 million.
- Money spent by the Gates Foundation *to give public charter schools in Washington State a strong start* in 2013-2015: $31 million.
And a few other data points your readers might be interested in:
- Net worth of Bill Gates in 2015: $76 billion
- Assets of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation in 2016: $44.3 billion.
- Total receipts of the National Education Association in 2015: $388.8 million.
- Total receipts of the American Federation of Teachers in 2015: $327.6 million.
- Average salary of an elementary public school teacher in Washington state (except in special education) in 2015: $60,140.
Continue reading →